In the name of Allah, the Beneficent the Merciful

 

 

The Mystery of the Prophecy of Psalm 22

 

 

Dear brothers and sisters, after blessings on Muhammad and his purified progeny, Peace be upon you…

 

Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him), the First before creation and formation, and the Last after the end of everything.  Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him) who created the creation, gave them sustenance, and willed the decrees.  Nothing in the heavens and earth is hidden from His absolute Knowledge and He is aware of everything.

 

Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him) who created man in the best stature, then He (Glory be to Him) taught him expression after he was nothing.  He (Glory be to Him) instilled in him the two conspicuous ways, either he be grateful or ungrateful.  Then He (Glory be to Him) sent to him messengers and guides to guide and show him the right path.  He (Glory be to Him) supplied him with divine Books and Scriptures containing wisdom, inimitability, and stories of those in the early days as well as those who come later.  These holy Books also contain prophecies and hints regarding what will happen in the future which no one knows except Allah (Glory be to Him) alone.  They serve as proofs to confirm the authenticity of divinely chosen Prophets and Messengers. These miracles can be recognized by the intellectual human being who can then believe in the truth as it came from the Lord.  Since the divine Books have explained what has happened in the past and have given prophecies of what will come, they stand as evidence against all human beings.   Therefore, none can argue that God did not give him/her any way of knowing the Truth and the right path.

 

          One of the divine Books that Allah (Glory be to Him) revealed, which contains light and guidance, is the Zaboor (Psalms).  The Zaboor is a Book of God which He (Glory be to Him) revealed to Prophet Dawood (David).  Allah (Glory be to Him) has said in the Holy Quran, (وأتينا داود زبورا) Wa atayna Dawood Zaboora” (And to David we gave the Psalms) [4:163]  So what is the Zaboor (Psalms)?  How does it look like?  And where can we find it?

 

          As we mentioned, the Psalms is a Book from God which He (Glory be to Him) revealed to His Prophet David (Peace be upon Him).  As for how this book looks like, it is divided into parts or chapters referred to as “Mazameer” [single tense is Mazmoor (Psalm)].  Each Mazmoor (Psalm) is designated a number, beginning at one and ending at 150.  As for why these chapters were named Mazameer (Psalms), it is because Prophet David (Peace be upon Him) used to intone the Mazameer (Psalms) in a regulated tone and in a clear and beautiful voice that was filled with sorrow, while he was weeping out of humility.  The mountains and birds used to recite Tasbeeh (glorification) and submit to Allah (Glory be to Him) along with him, as Allah (Glory be to Him) states in the Quran:

(ولقد أتينا داود منا فضلً يا جبال أوبي معه والطير وألنا له الحديد)  Wa laqad atayna Dawood menna fadlan ya jebaal aweby ma’aho wal tayr wa Alana laho al hadeed” (We endowed David with blessings from us: ‘O mountains, submit with him, and you too, O birds.’ We softened the iron for him.) [34:10]  He (Glory be to Him) also said, إنا سخرنا الجبال معه يُسبحن بالعشي والإشراق.  والطير محشورة كلٌ له أوابُ)  (Inna sakharna al jebaal ma’aho yosabehna bil ashey wal eshraaq.  Wal tayr mahshooraton kolon laho awaab” (We committed the mountains in his service, glorifying with him night and day.  Also the birds were committed to serve him; all were obedient to him.” [38:18-19]

          As for the Zaboor (Psalms), it composed of a collection of prayers, supplications, invocation, in addition to wisdom, admonition, teachings, glorification, veneration, and grateful praise to Allah (Glory be to Him).  It also mentions and enumerates His signs and bounties, as well as containing some stories of past events and prophecies to come.  As is the tradition of divine inspirations in every Book, these prophecies are not direct and they are mysterious and vague to a certain degree. They take the form of hints, clues, pointers, metaphors, and allegories.  It often requires a lot of analysis, thought, comprehension, intelligence, religious, historical, and common knowledge in order to fully understand these prophecies and make correct deductions from them.  This applies to all the prophecies of divine revelations.  It is not permissible to simply imitate and copy others without recognition, deep understanding, and study that is based on the intellect, knowledge, and logical reasoning.  If you successfully analyze a prophecy and reach the correct conclusion, if the prophecy was already fulfilled in the past, this should increase your faith in Allah (Glory be to Him), His Messengers, His Revelations, and the Day of Judgment.  This will be a great blessing from Allah (Glory be to Him) upon you.  On the other hand, if the prophecy was not fulfilled until now, then you are waiting and anticipating its occurrence during the days of your life.  And if the prophecy does take place while you are alive and you were able to recognize and believe in it, then you have surely attained a great bounty from Allah (Glory be to Him) that is unlimited.  However, if you do not live long enough to see the fulfillment of that prophecy, then you will attain the reward of those who are waiting and anticipating the fulfillment of the prophecies, and you will be among those who believed in the unseen. 

 

          The Zaboor (Psalms) including all its 150 chapters resemble to a great extent the supplications by Imam Zain Al Abideen (Peace be upon Him) in the Sahifa Al Sajjadiya in its style, content, and literature.  That is why the Sahifa Al Sajjadiya was named “Zaboor Aal Muhammad” (the Psalms of the Household of Muhammad).  As for where you can find the Psalms of David, it is now part of the Old Testament in the Holy Bible.  It has been translated from Hebrew to several languages, including Arabic.  One should consider the distortions and alterations that occur during the process of translation.

          As you now have a clearer picture of how the Psalms of David are comprised, and why they are important, I would like to thoroughly discuss one in particular.  First and foremost, I do not claim to be fully acquainted with all the 150 Psalms and I pray that they will be studied and analyzed carefully.  What brought my attention to the Psalms of the Old Testament, was a debate with a Christian man who presented his proofs to support the occurrence of the suffering, passion and crucifixion of Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him).  As a Muslim, my belief is there was no torture and crucifixion of Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him), but instead Allah (Glory be to Him) raised him to heaven by His Power and Mercy.  One of my debater’s proofs was Psalm 22 in the Old Testament, which he claimed .was a prophecy to Jesus’ suffering and crucifixion.   He told me to, “Read this Psalm which we call ‘My God, my God’.  You will find a clear prophecy in it regarding the appearance of the Messiah and his torture and crucifixion.  This is before the birth of Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him) by hundreds of years.  So, does the Psalms of David lie in its prophecy?  After all, you Muslims claim to believe in the Zaboor (Psalms) as a divine revelation from God.  Isn’t this a clear proof on the validity of our belief in the torture and crucifixion of the Messiah?  Doesn’t it also stand as a proof on the incorrectness of your Muslim belief that Jesus (Peace be upon Him) was not crucified.  In addition, it shows that your Quran contradicts what has come in the other divine Books, yet you claim that the Quran came to confirm these books?!”

He handed me the Holy Bible and I started to read, Psalm 22, ‘My God, my God’.  After I finished reading it, my heart was shaken and tears started pouring from my eyes.  Thoughts rushed through my brain like a waterfall.  I felt that my tongue was paralyzed due to the brainstorm which occupied my mind.  I struggled to gather my thoughts as my eyes fell upon each word in this great Psalm and eternal prophecy, miracle and divine gift to every believer!  Although it is sad and painful, this prophecy keeps us steadfast on the true path, strengthens our faith, and increases our certainty.  As soon as I finished reading this Psalm, my heart suddenly felt deep pain, bitterness, and limitless sorrow.  I was speechless.  I felt a great need to I calm down and wake up from the shock and reorganize my thoughts and ideas.   I requested for my debater to allow me some time to re-read the Psalm and study it, with a promise to resume the debate later.  It seemed like God has sent me this debater to show me this treasure, without him intending to do so.  This was because the debate itself was fruitless but more importantly is that through this debate, God has led us to find this precious fountain of bounties in the midst of the barren desert of life.  After all, God provides sustenance to whomever He so pleases and from where he least expects it.  Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him), the Lord of all Worlds!

          Before we start researching and analyzing the mystery of the prophecy of Psalm 22 (which is evident to us but we fail to recognize or  pay attention to it ), we will present to you the complete text (Arabic and English) of this wonderful Psalm containing this eternal and miraculous prophecy, as it is narrated in the Holy Bible.

 

نص المزمور الثاني والعشرون من الزبور المُنزّل على داود (ع)

 

صفحة 846 من العهد القديم في الكتاب المقدس

 

"إلهي إلهي ، لماذا تركتني بعيداُ عن خلاصي عن كلام زفيري؟  إلهي في النهار أدعو فلا تستجيب وفي الليل أدعو فلا هدوء لي- وأنت القدوس الجالس بين تسبيحات إسرائيل- عليك إتكل أباؤنا فنجيتهم- إليك صرخوا فنجوا- عليك إتكلوا فلم يَخزوا- أما أنا فدودةُُ لا إنسان- عارُ عند البشر ومُحتقر عند الشعب- كل الذين يرونني يستهزئون بي -  يفغُرُون الشفاه ويَنغِضُون الرأس قائلين: "إتكل على الرب فلينجه ، فلينقذه لأنه سُرَ به"- إنك أنت جذبتني من بطن أُمي وجعلتني مطمئناً على ثدي أُمي- عليك معتمداً أُلقيت من الرحم ومن بطن أُمي- لا تتباعد عني لأن الضيق قريب- لأنه لا مُعين.  أحاطت بي ثيران كثيرة -أقوياء باشان إكتنفتني- فغروا عليَ أفواههم كأسد مفترس مُزّمجر- كالماء انسكبت عليًّ ، إنفصلت كل عظامي- صار قلبي كالشمع- قد ذاب قلبي في وسط أمعائي- يبست مثل شقفةٍ قوتي ولصق لساني بفمي- وإلى تراب الموت تضعني -  لإنه قد أحاطت بي كلابٌُ- جماعة من الأشرار إكتنفتني- ثقبوا يدي ورجلي- هُشِمت كل عظامي- وهُم ينظرون ويتفرسون في- يُقسمون ثيابي بينهم وعلى لباسي يتنازعون.

أما أنت يا رب فلا تبعد- يا قوتي أسرع إلى نصرتي -  أنقذ من السيف نفسي- من يد الكلب وحيدتي - خلصني من فم الأسد ومن قرون البقر الوحشي- إستجب لي."

 

Psalm 22 From the Old Testament (the Suffering Servant)

 

My God, my God why have you left me away from my salvation, from the words of my supplication? 

My God, in the daytime I pray with no answer; and in the nighttime I pray without rest. 

You are the Holy One sitting between the prayers of Israel. 

Our fathers relied upon you, then they were saved.  They called upon you, then they were secured. 

They depended upon you and you have never failed them. 

As for me, I get treated as a worm, not as a human being.  For humans, I am a shame and for my people, I am scorned. 

All those who see me mock me.  They open their mouths shaking their heads saying

 “He relied upon his Lord, so let his Lord save him.  Let his Lord secure him, since he trusted Him.” 

You have brought me from my mother’s womb.  You fed me comfortably from her breast. 

Relying upon you, I have been delivered from her. 

Do not be far from me as toughness is near; as there is no supporter.

I have been surrounded by a lot of bulls.  Very strong like Bashan they invaded/overtaken me. 

They open their mouths like a roaring lion. 

They fall upon me like a waterfall.  All my bones have suffered.  My heart became like a candle which melted inside my gut. 

My power has dried and my tongue stuck to my mouth.  I have been led to the dust of death.

A group of dogs have surrounded me.  A bunch of evil men have encompassed me.  They stabbed my hands and my legs. 

All my bones have been crushed; they were looking and staring at me. 

They divided my garments amongst them and they competed over my clothes.

As for you my Lord, you are never far.  Oh my strength, hasten to my rescue.

 Save myself from the sword, save my beloved and lonely female from the claws of the dog. 

Deliver me out of the lion’s teeth, and save me from the horns of the wild cow.  Answer me.

 

This was a translation of the complete Arabic text as it came in the Holy Bible.  We will analyze the Arabic text and its translation, taking into consideration that the Arabic language is very close to the original Hebrew language which the Psalm has been written in.  It is well known that the Hebrew language is considered to be the mother language of the Arabic, just like Latin is the mother language of several European languages.  We will begin by providing a detailed careful explanation and interpretation of the text so that it is clear without any ambiguity.  We will try to make conclusions that are obvious.  Our analysis and careful examination of the text will be reasonable, objective, and strictly focus on the text.  We seek the help of Allah (Glory be to Him) in this endeavor.

 

Analysis of the Text

 

1)       The text begins with seeking refuge, praying, and turning to Allah (Glory be to Him) the One God by the statement:  My God, my God.” 

 

2)       Then it starts by complaining and raising the need He asks his Master Lord in a manner that is coming from a humble servant in front of the powerful King.  The matter here is not a question, for God is not to be questioned about what He does; rather humans are to be questioned.  Instead, it is an inquiry that indicates the status of lordship and humility.  We should pay attention to this and not think that the question here is in the manner of reprimand (God forbid).  Rather, it is an inquiry that resembles the supplication of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) on the day of Taef when he prayed, “So to whom to you consign me?  To the strangers who would ill treat me, or to an enemy who has an upper hand over me?!”  Here, the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) inquires in a humble and subservient manner that is filled with love.  It is a rhetorical expression to describe the absolute submission to God and satisfaction of His Will.  This method is well-known in the Arabic language and those who master its literature.  The questioning here is not an expression of true questioning as it may appear to us at first thought.  In the Arabic language, asking a question and making inquiries are of many types and has many different goals.  This is very clear in many Quranic verses which contain several types of inquisitive expressions that may act as a warning, admonition, blaming, sarcasm, worshipping, or pleading.

 

This humble and submissive servant asks:  Why have you left me away from my salvation (khalas), from the words of my supplication (kalam zafeeri)?

 

The word “khalas” means salvation; salvation from the enemies, the envious, and the corrupt people; salvation from the trials and tribulations of this world.  As for the “words of my supplication” (kalam zafeeri), it is a metaphor for worshipping by supplicating, glorifying, praising, affirming the oneness of God, constant prayer, and uttering anything that pleases Him  By definition, the word “zafeer” means to exhale, and it is used here as a figure of speech, since talking usually happens during the process of exhalation.  In the Arabic language, the word zafra can also mean a sigh of sorrow.  So the meaning and interpretation is as follows:  Oh my God and my Lord, why have you left me to your enemy and mine?  Why are you not coming to my rescue and saving me from them by Your Power and Mercy?  Why are you not saving me from the trials of the world and providing me a safe exit to Your Mercy, and that is the great salvation?  Why do you keep me busy with my worldly matters, its mischief, Your enemies and mine in it, which keeps me preoccupied from my continuous worship to You, my regular prayer and glorification to You, and my constant moaning to You?

 

3)       “My God, in the daytime I pray with no answer; and in the nighttime I pray without rest.”

 

          This type of speech indicates pleading, imploring, and insistence for rescue.  He expresses a state of continuous prayer day and night to God without restlessness or boredom.  His state of mind expresses the urgency for a quick response, which indicates that the supplicant is being subjected to a very tough, critical, and dangerous situation that requires such pleading to God for a speedy response.  If we connect that to the supplication in the beginning, we can easily conclude that the supplicant is being subjected to a tough raid from his enemies who are the enemies of God.  That’s why he seeks rescue from God to help him against them.  It looks like the confrontation is eminent, and so he is pleading for an immediate response from God. 

 

4)       You are the Holy One sitting (jalis) between the prayers of Israel.” 

         

          This is an expression of glorification and veneration to God.  Israel refers to Prophet Jacob (Peace be upon Him), and the word “jalis” (sitting) means to be present or to be mentioned.  So the meaning is as follows:  You are the Holy One who is mentioned in the glorifications and supplications of Prophet Jacob (Peace be upon Him).

 

5)       Our fathers relied upon you, then they were saved.  They called upon you, then they were secured.  They depended upon you and you have never failed them.       

 

Here, he worships God by mentioning and remembering His bounties, signs, and virtues.  There are many similar expressions in the Holy Quran, Sahifa Al Sajjadiya, and the supplications of the Imams (Peace be upon them).  He also states a fact that is well recognized and that is that Allah (Glory be to Him) gives victory to the believers and those who sincerely call upon Him and submit to Him.  He (Glory be to Him) responds to those who call for His help and seek His assistance.  It highlights the fact that the party of God are the winners in this world and the Hereafter.  Furthermore, it comforts and reminds the self that the victory of God is coming soon, and that the believer must be patient in waiting for the relief, just like He (Glory be to Him) gave victory to those in the beginning of time after their submission and patience.

 

6)       As for me, I get treated as a worm, not as a human being. For humans, I am a shame and for my people, I am scorned.

 

          This is the beginning of drawing the picture and describing the situation.  So, the one who is praying here depicts himself as being helpless and oppressed.  People fear from being associated with him or being accused of supporting him, due to trouble that may affect them as a result of that.  Actually, this resembles the statement of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) in his prayer at Taef, (وهواني على الناس ; wahawani ala al naas) “belittling that I have been subjected to by the people”.  He is looked down upon with scorn due to his lack of support and military strength.  So out of pain and despair, he likens himself to that of a worm in the people’s eyes.

          From this picture, it becomes very clear that the one who is supplicating to God is not Prophet David (Peace be upon Him), as David was a great king in addition to being a prophet.  As a result, he was the focus of the peoples’ attention, praise and respect since he held authority and kingship.  Therefore, we can conclude that even though this Psalm was recited by Prophet David (Peace be upon Him), it talks about someone else; someone who is praying and describing his loneliness among his enemies and people.  This is exactly why the Christians claim that this prophecy is talking about Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him) and foretells what will happen to him.

 

7)       All those who see me mock me.  They open their mouths shaking their heads saying “He relied upon his Lord, so let his Lord save him.  Let his Lord secure him, since he trusted Him.”

 

          This is a continuation of describing the situation as before.  The supplicant here, who is definitely not Prophet David (Peace be upon Him), continues to complain to God from his people.  They are mocking and ridiculing him for his lack of strength and support.  Worse than that, they scorn him because he is seeking the help of God and is depending on Him in all his matters.  The people are not believers; rather they are merely dogs who run after this materialistic world, although they may be known by a name other than their reality.  They criticize him because he believes in his Lord and finds delight and happiness in Him.  They challenge the ability of his God to save him from their hands and so they said out of dareness and belittling of God as Pharaoh (Curse be upon him) said, “Leave me to slay Moses; and I challenge him to call upon his Lord” [40:26].  From this, we can deduce that the person who is praying to God is surrounded by many enemies who are ready to attack him.  In their eyes, the sin he committed is believing in God, loving Him, and depending upon Him.  In the meanwhile, they are proud of their great number, his weakness and lack of support. They think that because of their huge army and force, coupled with his lack of support, that even God cannot save him from their hands.  They admit that they are the enemies of God.  So what is the difference between the previous phrase and this phrase?  The previous phrase (As for me, I get treated as a worm, not as a human being. For humans, I am a shame and for my people, I am scorned) talks about the condition of the nation and people as a whole.  But this phrase (All those who see me mock me.  They open their mouths shaking their heads saying “He relied upon his Lord, so let his Lord save him.  Let his Lord secure him, since he trusted Him) talks about the condition of the enemies and soldiers who directly surround our heroic believer.

 

8)       You have brought me from my mother’s womb.  You feed me comfortably from her breast.  Relying upon you, I have been delivered from her.

 

Once again, this is another way of remembering and a reminder to the Nafs (self) of the bounties of God.  The heroic believer recognizes and acknowledges the fact that it is the Will of God that enables your mother to feed you and provide for you.  There are many similar examples in the Quran, Sahifa Al Sajjadiya, and Dua Kumail.  Mentioning and remembering the bounties of God during supplication pleases Him and hastens the response and acceptance of your prayer.  This is especially true when it is accompanied by praising and showing gratitude to God during prayer.  We can refer to Dua Al Jawshan Al Sagheer in order to recognize the importance and value in that.

 

9)       Do not be far from me, as toughness is near.  I have no helper.

 

          Here, he is begging and seeking the help of God and supporting it with reasons.  Our heroic and struggling believer mentions two reasons:  The first one is that the toughness is very near and danger is eminent.  The enemy is at the door and they are abundant as we now know.  They are very vicious because they are hateful and bear animosity to God.  Secondly, nobody came to his rescue and this indicates that our heroic believer is standing alone against these evil enemies.  The whole phrase clearly points to the fact that there was and armed confrontation between two parties.  One of them is huge, great in number, and vicious; while the other party is very few in number and may only be the heroic believer himself.  After all, if there was no eminent confrontation, then why would he ask God for help and complain to Him that he has no support?  If the matter involved a believer who is about to be executed, then it is common sense that he asks help from God in facing death which is inevitable as there is no escape from it.

 

10)     I have been surrounded by a lot of bulls.  Very strong like *Bashan they overtook me.  They open their mouths like a roaring lion.  They fall upon me like a waterfall.


 

* The Bashan were strong, barbaric tribes that used to live in that place during that time.  This term is used here as a figure of speech to express the toughness of strength and level of wickedness.


          Here, the description starts to become more precise.  Our heroic believer portrays the battlefield which leaves us no doubt that it was a confrontation between two parties, and it can not be applied to a case of execution.  Our hero says that he is surrounded by many bulls.  This is a great figure of speech and rhetorical expression which compares the army that is against him and against God and is surrounding him, as a strong bull that is very great in number.  However, they are mindless and do not understand, exactly like an animal!  Using the word “bull” in this context is a clear indication of the excessive power which has no mind or thought process.  It looks like this was the condition of the military forces surrounding our heroic believer.  As long as it is a divine inspiration, then it is certainly truth, and not just a thought or imagination.  Exactly like when the Holy Quran mentions words and phrases through the tongue of the prophets and righteous people, so they are true in its entirety.

          The word (إكتنفتني)ektanafatny” (overtook me) means that the enemy has come very close and is about to overtake me.  This indicates another development in the battle which has began.  So long that it

started and the situation reached the point of Ektenaaf (overtake), this indicates that the few supporters of

our hero have been killed and the hero now stands alone in direct contact with the enemy.  This is the

beauty of the Arabic language in that one word can give you different meanings which help you picture the scene and situation which you do not see, but you can conclude much from it.

Now, is there any doubt left in your mind that the matter involved a battle between two parties or groups and that it wasn’t just a description of an execution or a crucifixion?!  Between the (إحاطة) ehaata” (encirclement) at first, and then penetration later, there were events that took place which the intellectual mind could imagine although it is not mentioned.  This indicates the presence of a real battle between a big and evil military force that is against God (based on deduction of these phrases) and a very small and oppressed force that is under the commandership of our patient and heroic believer who loves and worships God (based on deduction of these phrases).

          Furthermore, our hero implies that what is inside their hearts is shown on their faces.  They were widely opening their mouths out of anger.  (فغر الفاه) Faghr Al Faah” means to open the mouth widely in such a way that exposes the teeth and canine, out of extreme anger, hatred, animosity, and readiness to attack.  Once again, he compares them to a roaring lion that is hungry and eager to tear its prey.  The “Mozamjer” refers to the roaring sound of a lion.  We should notice that this time the believer chose to compare them with a lion, after associating them will a bull previously.  Why is that?  This indicates that after the enemy surrounded and penetrated the believer, they have now become stronger and more vicious.  That is because the believer is now totally alone, and so they are displaying their strength in front of him after he has lost his few supporters in the beginning of the battle.  So his enemies now feel much stronger than before, which explains why the previous bull has now become a lion.  But if you notice, they are still animals that have no mind or understanding.  They only know the language of the jungle.  As for his statement, (كالماء إنسكبت عليﱠ)kal maa ensakabat alaya” (they fall upon me like a waterfall), this clearly describes the attack on him from these barbaric criminals.  They attacked him in such a way like water that pours strongly from high to low, or like a waterfall in its strength and destructive power.  So does all this fit with the description of an execution and crucifixion?  Or does it fit with the case of a confrontation and battle between two unequal forces?  In this phrase, there are three stages in the battle: encirclement, then penetration, followed by the final attack.  Now, are these the stages of execution or crucifixion?  Or are they stages of an armed confrontation between two parties?!

 

11)     All my bones have suffered.  My heart became like a candle which melted inside my gut.  My power has dried and my tongue stuck to my mouth.

 

          Here, the prophecy describes what happened to him as a result of this vicious attack upon him.  So what do we think will be the result?  The victimized believer delineates to us this tragic result which brings streams of tears to flow from the eyes.  The bones have become separated and broken.  The heart is being torn apart and melted like wax in the guts.  This careful description could not result except by a stab of a sword or a spear or an arrow which targeted the heart directly and caused its rupture into the stomach and intestines.  As for the dryness of strength and the tongue sticking to the roof of the mouth, it is a figure of speech that indicates extreme thirst and dryness which is a result of prevention of water, due to the encirclement which was indicated in the 10th verse.  Our heroic believer is now fighting the big army alone while he is in the state of extreme thirst and water has been withheld from him.  So he complains to God about his condition after receiving fatal and direct stab wounds.

 

12)     I have been led to the dust of death.  A group of dogs have surrounded me.  A bunch of evil men have encompassed me.  They stabbed my hands and my legs.  All my bones have been crushed.

 

          Our heroic believer continues to describe his condition, so he says (وإلى تراب الموت تضعني)  (wa ila turab al mawt tada’ony) “it lays me down on the dust of death”.  This indicates that afterwards, he fell down to the ground and laid on the dust…the dust of the battlefield.  This is another proof that it was indeed a battlefield and not an execution or crucifixion.  The “dust of death” means that he will die on this dust which he fell on and laid down and that he will be buried in it.  The pronoun here for the word (تضعني)tada’ony” (it lays me down) refers to the fatal wounds that he suffered, and not God (as it may seem) whom he is praying to.

          Once again, in his last moments, our hero describes those who are surrounding him and are fighting against him as “dogs”.  This is after describing them first as bulls, then a fierce lion.  All of the rhetorical expressions continue to compare them with animals that have no mind or understanding.  After all, let us not forget that this is the description of the Holy Bible and divine inspiration in the words of the heroic believer.  So, it is the words of God that describes them.  As for why they are referred to as “dogs” this time, it is because a dog is an impure animal. By their heinous crime, they have become eternally unclean.  In addition, a dog is known to pant if you attack him and pant if you leave him.  They also do the same thing.  Dogs usually run after the crumbs and they also do the same thing.  A dog is lowly and they are the same.  A dog attacks the cadaver and doesn’t respect the dead.  And they did the same.  By this label and description, they have stooped to the lowest level of the animal hierarchy.

          After that, there is a direct description that they are evil.  However, it is not all the army but a group of them who are now killing him and getting ready to attack him after his death.  They are the ones who are now penetrating him.  The first ektenaaf (overtaking) as mentioned in verse 10 refers to the army as a whole who are fighting him.  That’s why it referred to them as (ثيران كثيرة) theeran katheera” (many bulls).  As for the 2nd ektenaaf (overtaking), it refers only to a specific group from this army and they are the ones who are about to kill him.  It is interesting to note that from the expression (ثقبوا يدي ورجلي) thaqabo yadi wa rejli” (they stabbed my hands and my legs), the Christians have deduced that it refers to the crucifixion of the Messiah, since the crucified person is usually nailed to the cross on the hands and feet.  But in the Arabic language, every stab wound in a body makes a hole (pierce).  A stab of a sword inflicts a pierce in the body.  Also, a spear stab inflicts a pierce in the body.  When an arrow strikes a body, it inflicts a pierce in it.  As for  (ثقب)“thaqab” (hole) in the hands and legs, this could be a figure of speech to describe the abundance of penetrating wounds which included even the hands and legs.  It is the norm that a stab of sword, spear, or arrow is directed towards the head, chest, and abdomen to result in killing.  But if the stabs affect even the hands and legs, this indicates that these stabs were very huge in number and thrown without targeting (due to the difficulty of the target and the fear from the person being targeted).  This fits and agrees well with the events of the battlefield, as we have deduced from the previous verses.  It does not contradict with them as it contradicts the idea of crucifixion.  Then the heroic believer says  (هشمت كل عظامي)hashamat kol edhami” (all my bones have been crushed) in a separate sentence, after he said in the beginning of verse eleven, (إنفصلت كل عظامي)enfasalat kol edhami” (all my bones have become separate).  So why is there a repetition and what is the difference?  The first is a figure of speech to express the fierceness and toughness of the fighting and the many wounds that affected our hero during his sole confrontation with his enemies.  As for crushing of the bones that is mentioned in the 12th verse, it indicates that something happened to his body after he fell down on the dust of death.  Something which this group of fierce dogs did which resulted in crushing of his bones after his death!  Bones typically do not get crushed except if heavy bodies fall on them forcibly multiple times and this is what the verse points to.

 

13)     They were looking and staring at me.  They divide my garments amongst them and they competed over my clothes.

 

          A person generally does not look or stare at a dead person.  But the heroic believer says that after he fell to the ground under the effect of his wounds, the group of dog-like criminals who penetrated him and are about to kill him went on staring and gloating over him.  It seems that they did that for two reasons.  Firstly, because none of them dare to carry out his killing directly and they were hesitant in doing so.  Secondly, it was because the light radiating from the face of our heroic believer bewitched their eyes and baffled their minds.  So they could not help but stare and be preoccupied with his beauty and divine light, even for a short period of time.

          As for the second part of the passage, it is without a doubt an expression of complaint from the hero (after his martyrdom) against the criminals and enemies of God.  He complains to Allah (Glory be to Him) that they do not have mercy on him even after his death.  So they went on looting him, taking his garments, and dividing it among themselves.  They even confiscated and competed over his clothes and inner garments!  This indicates firstly that they have stooped down to a very low level which is even lower than any animal that God created.  Secondly, it indicates that the martyred hero was a great knight who was not poor and had a good reputation and high status in the society and nation.  Hence, those animals became greedy in taking his garments and clothes and competing over them for its materialistic, moral, and social value.

 

14)     As for you my Lord, you are never far.  Oh my strength, hasten to my rescue.

 

          Once again, the heroic believer resumes his supplication and prayer with extreme love and confidence in asking God for help.  Then he invokes God to hasten in saving him and responding to his prayer.  But we know that the battle has already been finalized by the martyrdom of the hero, so how can he ask God for help when the events have already taken place?  It is inevitable for us to logically deduce here that after his departure from this world, there was something or someone or certain individuals whom our hero was worried about from these barbaric criminals.  Therefore, the divine revelation depicts that even after his death, he is asking for quick support from God for the sake of this beloved individual or important personalities to the heroic believer.  He is praying that God protects, helps, and saves them from the teeth of this apostate army who do not know any god, religion or humanitarian values.  The matter is very urgent and need not be delayed as it seems that the next goal is to finish off this personality(s) who is very dear and close to our heroic believer.  This is what we logically deduce from the above text.

 

15)     Save myself from the sword, save my beloved and lonely female from the claws of the dog.  Deliver me out of the lion’s tooth, and away from the horns of the wild cow.  Answer me.

 

          Our heroic believer has already been martyred, so how could he ask God to save himself from the sword?  It is important to note that using the word “sword” here clearly indicates that the matter as we logically expected involved fighting with swords between two parties, and it wasn’t crucifixion.  After all, if it was crucifixion, he would have said “save myself from the crucifixion.”  This part of the verse undoubtly indicates that there is a very important personality in the eyes of our hero who is like himself.  So, he prays to God to save this beloved person from being killed by the sword in the hands of these nonbelievers.  He is a person whose life represents the continuation of our hero’s life who carries the important divine message.  Hence, this special person can carry the message and torch of faith, religion, and worship to the general public and to the believers specifically.  This person would carry the flag after him and perform the same heroic role of struggle in the way of God and become a perfect role model even in the worst circumstances.  So, it is out of his extreme love and commitment to the role and message that makes him pray to God to save the one who will continue this mission after him.

          Furthermore, he asks God to rescue his beloved and lonely female from the power of the dog.  Who is the “dog” whom he is referring to?  And who is this (وحيدته) waheedatoh” (beloved and lonely female)?  And what is the importance in saving her?  It seems that the “dog” that is intended here is a specific person from among the dogs who are out to kill him whom our hero used as a figure of speech earlier.  It also seems that he is the worst of them.  He may be the one who killed him after the people hesitated, as we previously deduced.  Or he may be the leader of the people or their king.

          As for the word (وحيدته) waheedatoh” (his beloved and lonely darling), it looks like she is a female because he said “waheedati” which indicates female tense in Arabic.  She is very beloved to him and close to his heart that is filled with her love.  He knows that she too loves him dearly and she will be lonely after him.  Due to his very special relationship with her, he used the word “waheedati”.  Being that he expects what she may be subjected to after his departure, he asks God to save her from this dog that is after her.  This dog that is responsible and is the reason behind this whole tragedy!  This implies that our hero and martyr expects that there will be an inevitable confrontation between this “dog” and the lonely and helpless woman.  Using the expression (يد الكلب)yad al kalb” (claws of the dog) signifies absolute authority.  Hence, we expect that this particular dog is not just a leader or commander of the army.  Rather, he is the king or the supreme leader of the whole oppressive regime which stands against and fights the truth and its supporters. 

          Thereafter, our hero resumes his prayer to God after his martyrdom to save his self from the mouth of the lion and from the horns of the wild cow.  We must stop here for a moment, for our hero has won and attained eternal salvation by his martyrdom for the sake of the Creator.  So what is the meaning of his prayer that God save him?  It is inevitable for us to deduce that the heroic martyr has now left behind those who are a part of him and he is a part of them.  After all, he is no longer with them physically and cannot give them direct protection.  For example, they may be his children, women, or his family who are now in the hands of this apostate army that has no mercy and is filled with hatred and animosity towards them.  They are now in the hands of the king of this army and the person who sent it.  So our heroic believer prays and invokes God to He saves him, or rather, save those whom he is guardian and responsible of….those who are very dear and beloved to his heart and are now helpless.  He prays that God saves them from the mouth of the lion, and this signifies the great tyrant who issued orders to send this army to fight the believers…this army that will confront those who are now alone and helpless.  They have no supporter or defender to save them from the (قرون البقر الوحشي)qoroon al baqar al wahsi” (horns of the wild cow).  This is a metaphor to describe the whole apostate army who are envious and corrupt.  He resembles them this time to a wild cow (in the words of divine inspiration).  Once again, he is comparing them to animals; first time as a bull, second as a lion, third as a dog, and now they are wild cows.  The use of the word “quroon” (horns) here is a rhetorical expression to describe the blind harm that is sure to affect his family and loved ones from this beast that does not differentiate between an infant, child or a woman or a sick person or an elderly.  Also, the use of the word “baqar” (cow) has a significant meaning to it.  Generally speaking, cows are animals that are supposed to be kind, giving, obedient, and a source of bounties.  But here, the cow is referred to as “wahshi” (wild).  So the appearance is that of a beneficial cow, but the action is that of a wild beast.  It is as if he wants to say that if these people had followed and abided by the truth, they would have been something else that is kind and beneficial.  But they deviated from the truth and became its enemy.  They turned against it and preferred the life of this world, so they became wild beasts although they look like cows.  They have become a source of harm and mischief by presenting their horns instead of their meat and milk.  This is a great and beautiful figure of speech from which we can conclude that this huge army was supposed to be with our hero.  It was expected that they would be for him and not against him, but the people chose to follow misguidance and deviate from the righteousness.  So instead, they became a source of harm which turned into his enemy that is fighting against him.  He himself did not expect that from them being that they were cows, and cows are a source of goodness.  This explains the use of the word البقر الوحشي)) “al baqar al wahshi” (wild cow).  Then, our hero concludes by a nice imploration that is filled with respect and humility represented in the word (إستحب لي)estajeb li” (answer me).  The fact that our heroic believer is continuing to pray and seek the help of God even after his martyrdom goes hand in hand with His statement in the Quran, “And do not think that those who are slain in Allah’s way as dead.  Nay, they are alive and are provided sustenance from their Lord.” [3:169] So, even though he departed this life physically, he is alive by the power of God.  He sees, hears, prays, and worships Him.  So the divine books support and corroborate each other. 

          We can easily conclude that our heroic believer possesses a great position and high rank in the eyes of God.  It is enough that God honors him by revealing divine inspiration which describes his case and gives prophecy of what will happen to him from injustice, besieging, encirclement, penetration, torture, killing, and infliction of harm to his family members and supporters.  All of this was for the sake of raising the word of God while he is patient, submitting, worshipping, and confident, even after his death.  Because of that, the Christians claimed that this great position and virtue cannot be for anyone except the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, the son of God, or God Himself, as they claim.  After all, if they did not see the great honor to the hero of this prophecy which he deserved by his patience, sacrifice, and struggle in the way of God, they wouldn’t have claimed it for Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him).

This was the analysis of the text which came in the Holy Bible, as we used our logical reasoning to analyze the passage without bias or motivation.  We reached the deductions and made the conclusions that we should make with the divine help and guidance of God.  We can summarize them as follows:

 

Logical Deductions of Psalm 22

 

1)       The Psalm talks and gives a prophecy about a major event that will happen in the future.  This event does not concern Prophet David (Peace be upon Him) in whom the Book was revealed.

 

2)       The event involves a military confrontation between two parties.  One is a loving believer to his Lord who is submitting and depending on Him.  Someone who knows his Lord, has certainty in Him, and is supported by very few believers.  The other group is a big army that is great in number and well-armed who is merciless and mindless.  This army includes a band of hateful and envious individuals who bear great animosity towards this believer and they want to kill him and shed his blood.

 

3)       The confrontation is eminent and the heroic believer is in a very tough situation.  He prays to his Lord and pleads to Him to come to his aid quickly to save him.  He supplicates to Him with confidence, submission, certainty, and humility.  This is especially the case being that he and his supporters are suffering from extreme thirst since it seems like they have been besieged and have no access to water.

 

4)       The criminal and apostate army have surrounded and encircled the heroic believer.  A quick battle took place resulting in the killing of the very few supporters of this believer.

 

5)       The heroic believer is alone in the battlefield.  He has been overtaken and invaded by the enemy, especially this band of evil men among them, and he is suffering from severe thirst.

 

6)       The heroic believer has received a fatal wound, fallen to the ground and lay on the dust.

 

7)       The believer is breathing his last and is moaning in pain from his wounds and complains from his extreme thirst.

 

8)       A band of evil and envious men from this apostate army is surrounding him, staring, and gloating over him.  They do not dare to finish him off due to their fear of the consequences and to the divine light radiating from him and this has preoccupied them from killing him.

 

9)       Finally, one of them decided to take on that job and the hero died as a thirsty and lonely martyr who. He complains to God about what was done to him.  After that, his body was mutilated and his bones were crushed.  Then he was looted and his clothes and garments were taken.

 

10)     After gaining martyrdom, he keeps on praying to his Lord to save the closest one to his self from those evil people, since his “self” will carry the flag and the message after him.

 

11)     This heroic believer implores his Lord after his martyrdom to save a female figure that is very dear and beloved to his own self.  She could be his mother, sister, wife, or daughter.  He is very worried about her because she will become lonely after him and will carry the responsibility of facing the tyrant ruler who sent this misguided and apostate army to begin with.

 

12)     This heroic martyr and believer seeks God’s help to save a group of weak and helpless people whom he left behind without any helper or protector in front of this apostate army.  These helpless people are likely to be his children, women, and family members.

 

13)     It looks like this army was supposed to be with him and for him, but the Shaytan and authority deceived them.  So they turned on their backs and are now confronting our heroic believer instead of being with him.  So because of their great betrayal, this unequal confrontation took place.  Those who were supposed to be his supporters are now his worst of enemies.

 

14)     The heroic martyr and believer who is mentioned in this Psalm holds a very great position and high rank to God.  He is either a prophet, Wasi (executor of will to a prophet), Imam (leader), saint, or one of the righteous people.

 

After making these fourteen logical deductions based on the text of the Psalm, and after closely analyzing and carefully examining the words of its passage, we must now ask the following question:

 

Did this prophecy (which fulfills all what we have concluded) take place?

 

          The Christians claim that this prophecy has really been fulfilled in what happened to the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary (Peace be upon Him).  They claim that this prophecy points to him, but we as Muslims believe that Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him) did not get tortured or crucified.  Rather, they thought that he did, but God raised him and he is safe without being harmed.  So for every Muslim believer, the case is closed in that the Messiah is not the heroic believer and martyr who is mentioned in the prophecy of Psalm 22.

So, who then is that hero and what is that battle that this Psalm is referring to which fulfills all of the fourteen logical deductions that we have reached?  This question is posed to every believer who is concerned with his religion and claims to be a religious Muslim who respects the words of his God.

          Nevertheless, we can discuss with the Christians what they believe and think.  We can try to convince them with proofs that Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him) is not the person who is referred to by the prophecy in this Psalm.  We can argue with them using the fourteen logical deductions which we came to is based solely on the words of the text, as it came in their Holy Book.  To argue with them, we say the following:

 

First:  The second deduction indicates the presence of a military confrontation between two groups.  But crucifixion and torturing of the Messiah (as the Christians believe) was just a fake trial and a death sentence for an innocent person.  There was no confrontation between two parties or two armies or two forces.

 

Second:  Our heroic martyr was suffering from extreme thirst as indicated in the 11th part of the analysis of the text.  It is not narrated that the Messiah, was thirsty or that he was thirsty when he was crucified, as they claim.  Rather, it is known that it was from the habits of the Romans to offer food and water to the crucified person before his crucifixion. 

 

Third:  In the Messiah’s situation, there was no army that surrounded, encircled or penetrated him.  Rather, they were the government officials who were punishing and crucifying, in addition to a group of spectators; some of who were sympathetic with him, others were against him, and some who knew nothing and just came to watch.  All were a small group that did not exceed a couple of dozen of people at the most.  However, this is contrary to what we deduced from the text of the psalm.

 

Fourth:  As we deduced, our hero was killed while he was fighting after he received a fatal wound.  The Messiah, on the other hand, was crucified or executed (as they claim) and he did not get killed in a battlefield.

 

Fifth:  Our heroic believer fell to the ground and lay on the dust.  This, however, did not happen in the crucifixion of the Messiah (as they claim).

 

Sixth:          The bones of the body of the Messiah after his death (as they claim) did not get crushed.  Nor did his body get mutilated.  Rather, his body (as they claim) was buried as any crucified person after his death on the cross.

 

Seventh:  The Messiah did not wear any valuable clothes for it to be taken and competed over.  After all, Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon Him) was known to be ascetic and wear rough and simple clothes.  So, what is the value of his clothes especially after it became worn out during the torture that he was subjected to (according to their claim)?  And if they say that these were the clothes thrown upon him by the Roman ruler out of sarcasm so that he can wear, and it has been taken away from him after his crucifixion, will the Messiah then care about the clothes given by the ruler to the extent that he complains to his God that they took it from him, whether before or after his death?!

 

Eighth:  Who is the person whom the Messiah (as they claim) prays to be saved from the lion after his death?  Who is the person who is like his own self and who will carry the torch and flag after him?  Who will be in great danger after the departure of the Messiah?

 

Ninth:  Who is this female figure whom the Messiah (as they claim) prays for after his death and she is the closest to him from all the women of the world?  Who is this female person who will be left alone after him and will be exposed to great danger as she faces the tyrant of her time?  As we know, the Messiah did not marry or have any children.  If they claim that this female figure is Maryam (Peace be upon her), we respond by saying that there are many opinions by the Christians that Maryam (Peace be upon her) died before the death and crucifixion of Christ (as they claim).  Even if she was still alive during that time, she was not alone as she was accompanied by Joseph the carpenter (according to their narrations).  She was not persecuted, nor was she in great danger or in confrontation with the ruling authority.

 

Tenth:         Who are the children, the helpless people, and the family whom the Messiah (Peace be upon Him) left behind without a protector to look after and defend them?  Who are these people whom the Messiah (Peace be upon Him) is praying for after his death (as they claim) that God protects from their enemies who are waiting for them?

 

 

From all the previous points, it is very clear that the claim of the Christians that the hero of this Psalm and the focus of this prophecy is the Messiah Jesus son of Maryam (Peace be upon Him) is totally invalid and false.

 

Now, we pose a question to the Christians and Jews, for they believe in the Zaboor (Psalms).

 

Who is the intended superstar in this prophecy?  Who is the hero of this conflict and who is its oppressed victim?  What was this battle and where did it take place?  And when did it happen such that it fulfills all of what was mentioned in Psalm 22 and fulfills the deductions we made previously.

 

          Dear Muslims, Christians, and Jews…the question has been posed to you. 

 

You don’t know the answer and are unable to reach it.  But, we have the answer that is clear and satisfying, like the sun in the mid of the sky at noon time, supported by logical and historical evidence and proofs.

 

          Ladies and gentlemen, dear Muslim brothers and sisters in every place and time, Oh fellow humans…we say to you with all confidence and clarity and with all satisfaction and belief:

 

          This prophecy that is found in Psalm 22 of the Psalms of David talks about and points to its heroic believer who is none other than Imam Husain ibn Ali ibn Abi Taleb (Peace be upon Him).  The battle which it is referring to is none other than the battle of Al Taff.  The place is the land of Karbala, and the time is the tenth day of Muharram in the year 61 of Hijra. 

 

It is wonderful that the words of this miraculous psalm talks in detail and eloquently describes all what happened in Karbala and its tragedies.  It does that in such a way that I have never seen anything better than it.  And why not…when it is the divine inspiration revealed to His prophet to inform the humanity of one of the greatest human legend of the struggle between good and evil, and the victory of blood over sword!

 

          Oh humanity, yes despite your ignorance, obstinacy, and arrogance, the divine revelation containing the words of Allah (Glory be to Him) talks about Karbala and its heroic patient believer, the Master of all Martyrs, Imam Husain ibn Ali ibn Abi Taleb (Peace be upon Him).  It describes what will happen to him and his family, and the group of believers who fought with him and attained martyrdom between his hands.  We present to all of you the following clear evidence which cannot be refuted or invalidated:

 

First:  In Karbala, there was a real confrontation between two forces; one of them was great in number and fully armed, represented in the army of Ibn Ziyad (Curse be upon him) which defended falsehood, injustice, and sought destruction of the religion.  And the other group is very few in number and led by Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him).  This group defends the truth and struggles to promote justice.  It wants to establish the religion of God and raise His Word as it seeks to spread righteousness on earth.   The confrontation here is unequal in both number and artillery.

 

Second:  The unequal confrontation is about to happen after the misguided army has been sent by the order of Yazid ibn Muawiya (Curse be upon him) the corrupt, oppressive, and tyrant Caliph based in Damascus.  The army has been sent to stand up against the movement of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) who is the grandson of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny), the righteous Imam, and the light of guidance.  This unjust and oppressive army encircled the camp of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and so the psalm portrays him praying to his God first by saying, “My God, my God.”  He raises his complaint and pleads to his God to help him and he does that with all the love, humility, and submission to Him.  This is very clear from verses 1-5 of the Psalm.

 

Third:  He then complains to his God from the nation (Ummah) which abandoned him and left him to face the oppression of the unjust ruler alone, while he stands up to remove the injustice and oppression from it.  The nation disavows and dissociates itself from him out of fear of oppression from the ruling authority.  He also complains to God from those who falsely and hypocritically claim to be his Shia (supporters).  After they invited him to give him support, they turned against him and fought him.  This is very clear in verse 6 and 7.  Verse 7 in particular portrays those whom Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) met on his way to Karbala and the state of mind of the army that is surrounding him.

 

Fourth:  If we look closely at the ninth verse, we will notice him begging to Allah (Glory be to Him) while the confrontation was about to take place.  Listen to him while he complains and says, (لأنه لا معين) (le-anaho la moeen) “as there is no supporter”.  Let us remember the famous call of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) in Karbala, “Is there any helper to help us?  Is there any supporter to support us?  Is there any defender to defend the women of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny)?”  But there was no supporter and no helper! 

 

Fifth:  The 10th verse of the Psalm describes in detail what happened.  The misguided army under the commander Umar ibn Saad (Curse be upon him) [whom the psalm refers to them as bulls] has encircled Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and besieged him, and the expected confrontation took place.  After a short fight, all of the supporters of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) got killed and the Imam (Peace be upon Him) was left alone in front of his enemies who have now penetrated him, especially a band of evil men from among them, who was headed by Shimr ibn Dhi Al Jawshan (Curse be upon him).  This evil group holds personal grudge and animosity against Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him), as it did with his father, mother, brother, and grandfather before him.  This hateful group are the ones who opened their lips widely at him out of hostility, envy, and enmity, just like a fierce lion that goes after its prey.  They then started their beastly attack on the Imam (Peace be upon Him) who was left alone to fight them and struggle against them.  They poured upon him like a waterfall and this is what the verse portrays.

 

Sixth:  The eleventh verse of the Psalm describes in detail what happened to Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) in the battlefield, as he faced extreme thirst which weakens the body and makes the tongue stick to the mouth.  It describes the continuous heavy fighting that separates the bones and joints, until the Imam (Peace be upon Him) was struck with a tri-speared arrow which penetrated his heart and crushed his stomach.  The verses clearly depict this situation when it says in the words of our heroic believer, “My heart became like a candle which melted inside my gut.”  Then Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) fell down to the ground and lay on the dust.  This is what the Psalm is referring to with the words, “I have been led to the dust of death.”  Following that, a group of evil men led by Umar ibn Sa’d and Shimr ibn Dhil Jawshan invaded and struck him with the swords and spears.  They threw at him the arrows which made holes in his body, even his hands and his legs.  This group of evil men are the ones whom the Psalm is referring to in the statement, “a group of dogs have surrounded me.”

 

Seventh:  Then, this group of evil men went on looking, staring, and gloating over Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) as he was breathing his last breathe and moaning out of pain from his wounds.  They are hesitant in finishing him off and none of them want to carry that great sin of killing him.  This is the consensus of most of the narrators of the story of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and the witnesses of Karbala who testify that there was light radiating from the Imam’s face, even in his final moments.  And this is what is referred to in the Psalm when it says, “they were looking and staring at me.”  Finally, their most worst and miserable man, Shimr ibn Dhil Jawshan (Curse be upon him) killed and beheaded the heroic believer and the Master of all Martyrs, Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him).

 

Eighth:  But they were not satisfied with killing Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him).  They ordered 10 horsemen to run over the body of the heroic martyr to crush his bones under the hoofs of the horses.  That is why the Psalm says in the words of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) in reference to what they have done to him, “All my bones have been crushed.”

 

Ninth:  After that, they went on looting the body of the martyred Imam and removing the garments that he was wearing.  They did that out of greediness to obtain the materialistic and social value of these clothes, and they even competed with each other over it.  Each one of them wants to take hold of anything they can, like a wolf that has no conscience, religion, or human values.  One of them even severed the finger of the heroic martyr to take his ring which he used to wear in his little finger.  May Allah (Glory be to Him) curse all of them!  This is what Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) is complaining about to his God after being martyred, as stated in the last part of verse 13: “They divide my garments among them and they competed over my clothes.”

 

Tenth:  Then Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) prays to his God once again after his martyrdom, as he doesn't stop or cease from worshipping and praying to his Lord, even after his departure.  It is interesting to note that when the blessed head of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) was raised on the spear, it used to speak, pray to God, and recite verses from the Holy Quran.  There are multiple narrations from both the Sunni and Shia books that confirm this miraculous phenomenon that has no resemblance.  Doesn’t this agree with the text of the psalm which proves that the martyr was continuously praying and glorifying his God, even after his death?  Despite all the tragedies and afflictions he faced, he prays to God saying, “As for you my Lord, you are never far.”  Even after all that has been inflicted upon him, he did not lose confidence in his God not even for a second.  This is despite all the hardships he went through from getting killed, looted, mutilated, and having his bones and chest crushed.  This is indeed the peak of faith that no one before him or after him will ever reach!  What greatness and magnificence and a high position that nobody has ever reached before him and nobody will reach after him!

 

Eleventh:  Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) calls upon his Lord to help him quickly and save his self from the sword.  So who is that personality whom he is praying that God protect from the sword, after he himself was the victim of that merciless sword?  Who is that person whom Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) describes as his self, as it came in verse 14 and 15?  Why is Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) asking and pleading Allah (Glory be to Him) to save that person?

          This person is none other than Ali ibn Al Husain Zain Al Abideen (Peace be upon Him) who is the only one left from his sons.  As for why, that is because Ali ibn Al Husain ibn Ali ibn Abi Taleb (Peace be upon Him) is the Imam after him and he was ill during the fighting.  So, Husain the heroic martyr is asking and pleading Allah (Glory be to Him) to quickly save Imam Zain Al Abideen (Peace be upon Him) from the sword and death so that he can carry the flag after him and continue his mission. 

          Sure enough, God answered his prayers.  Until today, none of the historians or researchers understand how Imam Zain Al Abideen (Peace be upon Him) escaped death and execution which affected even the children and infants from the household of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny).  Surely, it is the power of God that accepted the prayer of Husain the martyr!  It responded to his call and God intervened to save the new Imam Zain Al Abideen (Peace be upon Him) so that light of Allah (Glory be to Him) continue to glow no matter how hard the unjust criminals and hypocrites try to extinguish it.

 

Twelfth:  Who is this female figure whom Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) prays that God save her from the claws of the dog?  Who is this woman who will become lonely after him and who is about to fall under the captivity of the tyrants and will confront the head of the state and the Pharaoh of her time?  She is none other than his beloved sister Zainab, the daughter of Ali ibn Abi Taleb (Peace be upon Him), and the granddaughter of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny).  She is without a doubt the hero of Karbala and she faced multiple tragedies alone, one after the other!  She is the one who now has to carry the whole tragedy on her shoulders after having lost her brother Husain (Peace be upon Him) and most of her family members.  She is the one whom the cursed Shimr stands up to her and she is the one whom Ibn Ziyad (Curse be upon him) awaits her entrance into Kufa to send her as a captive to his master Yazeed (Curse be upon him) in Damascus.  This is so that he may gloat over her, and all of them (Shimr, Ibn Ziyad, and Yazeed) are the “dog” that Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) meant in his statement, “save my lonely and beloved female from the claws of the dog.”  The word “waheedati” here is another key which clearly guides us to the battle of Karbala and the tragic events which happened on the 10th of Muharram, 61 year of Hijra.  This was before its occurrence by hundreds or rather thousands of years!

 

Thirteenth:  Who are the weak and helpless individuals whom Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) left behind and they have no supporter or protector?  Who are those people whom he is praying for and saying, “Deliver me out of the lion’s teeth; save me from the horns of the wild cow”, and “answer me”.  These helpless individuals are his children, his wives, and the widows of his martyred brothers, cousins and family members.  They are now under the mercy of this army who has no mercy or pity.  Rather, they are stone-hearted and evil men who did not hesitate to burn the tents of the women and children, taking them as captives and looting them, even when they are the household and family of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) whom God ordered to love and treat them kindly.

 

Fourteenth:  As for the cow that turned from being good and beneficial, to being a wild cow with horns that harms the believers instead of using its horns against his enemies…they are the people of Kufa who were supposed to be true Shias (followers) of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) and Ameer Al Momineen Ali ibn Abi Taleb (Peace be upon Him), the supporters of Islam and the defenders of the religion…they were supposed to be the Shia of the truthful Imam of the religion, Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him).  But instead, they feared the authorities and changed.  They were deceived by the grants and promises offered to them, and so they turned on their backs.  They sold their Hereafter and bought the lowly life of this world.  They betrayed their Imam and their swords turned against Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) after they were with him.  Their claws dug into his flesh after they were in the flesh of his enemy and the enemy of Allah (Glory be to Him).  Suddenly, they grew horns that hurt Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and killed him and his family, even his children and progeny!  What a great betrayal and change to the worse?!  What a great loss and dishonor?!

 

Fifteenth:  Sure enough the heroic believer, the patient martyr who is the superstar of this wonderful, hidden treasure of Psalm 22, holds a very great position and high rank to Allah (Glory be to Him) that no one else possesses.  He is surely and truly a holy Imam (leader), the Master of all Martyrs, the grandchild of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny), the son of Imam Ali and Fatima Al Zahra (Peace be upon Him), and the third of the Infallible Imams!  After all, who possesses such rank and position that Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) has to Allah (Glory be to Him)?  Who has ever exercised such sacrifice, patience, and struggle in the way of Allah (Glory be to Him) like Husain (Peace be upon Him) did?  His real value and position is truly unknown, just like his blessed grandfather, father, mother, brother, and the nine Imams from his progeny.  His value will continue to be unknown no matter what we say or how much we write, until the Day of Judgment.

 

 

          After all that was presented, do you now believe, Oh Muslims?  Do you now believe, Oh Christians?  Do you now believe, Oh Jews?  Do you now believe Oh Monotheists?  Do you now believe, Oh Humanity, that the prophecy of Psalm 22 of the Psalms of David talks about and points to Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and what happened to him on the plains of Karbala, on the tenth day of Muharram of the year 61 of Hijra, and it does not refer to anyone else?!

 

          Oh Muslims who deny the position of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and what happened to him, those who accuse his lovers and followers of exaggerating and embellishing, is the (Zaboor) Psalms of David a Shia book?  Is the content that was revealed in Psalm 22 about Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and his tragedy which Prophet David (Peace be upon Him) as well as the mountains and birds used to intone, is it an exaggeration and embellishment?  Is what the Jews and Christians recite in their places of worship because it is part of the Holy Book considered to be exaggeration?  If that is the case, then Allah (Glory be to Him) is the one who ordered and urged us to do so because the Zaboor (Psalms) is a divinely inspired Book.

          Oh those who despise Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and love his enemies, why don’t you go ahead and accuse Allah (Glory be to Him) of exaggeration and embellishment?  The fact of the matter is that all of the divine scriptures and books, as well as the prophets and messengers have resonated the tragedy of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) in Karbala.  All of them recited the Dhikr (mentioning)…the Dhikr (mentioning) of the eternal story of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) which aroused the tears throughout the generations.  It is a continuous mention and remembrance (dhikr) that does not and will not end or ever cool down!  It is the Dhikr (mention) pointed to in the Holy Quran in the end of Surat Al Anbiya (verse 105) when Allah (Glory be to Him) says:

 (ولقد كتبنا في الزبور مِن بعد الذكر أن الأرض يرثها عبادي الصالحون) (wa laqad katabna fi al Zaboor min ba’d al dhikr an al ardh yarethoha ebadi al salehoon), And verily we have written in the Psalms after the mentioning (dhikr) that My righteous servants shall inherit the earth.”  It is definitely the Dhikr (mentioning) of the story of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) and what happened to him, as it was revealed in Psalm 22 of the Psalms of David.  Just like Allah (Glory be to Him) said in Surat Maryam in the Holy Quran: (ذكر رحمة ربك عبده زكريا) (Dhikr rahmato rabeka abdaho Zakareya) “A mention of the mercy of your Lord to his servant Zakariya.” [19:02]  So the Dhikr (mentioning) that is referred to in the Zaboor is the mentioning of the injustice committed on Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) as it came in Psalm 22. 

          After that, does this Psalm and its superstar still remain a mystery to you, Oh Muslims, Christians, and Jews?  The Quran itself is referring to it, or else what is meant by the “mentioning” which Allah (Glory be to Him) stated in this verse of Surat Al Anbiya?  If you still have any doubt regarding this, then consider this shining evidence which proves that the “dhikr” (mentioning) that is stated in the Quranic verse is specifically referring to Psalm 22 and nothing else.

          Allah (Glory be to Him) is saying that He (Glory be to Him) has written in the Zaboor (Psalms) that after the “mentioning”, the righteous servants will inherit the earth.  So, where did Allah (Glory be to Him) write down in the Zaboor (Psalms) about His promise that “the righteous servants will inherit the earth?”  If He (Glory be to Him) wrote it in a Psalm before Psalm 22 (i.e. Psalms 1-21), then our proof is invalid.  That is because Allah (Glory be to Him) says the word (بعد) “ba’d” (after) in the Quranic verse.  So if the “mentioning” (dhikr) referred to is the mentioning of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him) in Psalm 22 as we claim and verify, then Allah’s promise that the righteous servants will inherit the earth should come in a psalm that is after Psalm 22.  It is important to note that the word “after” not only indicates that it is coming after, but it means that it is close to Psalm 22.  So for example, it can not be Psalm 50 or higher.  Rather, it should be very close to Psalm 22.  If we find it to be far away, then we consider our argument to be invalid.  So, where in the Zaboor (Psalms) do we find the promise of God for His righteous servants to inherit the earth? 

          Ladies and gentlemen, brothers and sisters we find it located in Psalm 25 and Psalm 28, which come after Psalm 22 and is very near to it.  So is there any doubt left in your mind that the “dhikr” (mentioning) that is stated in the Quranic verse refers to the prophecy and the narration of the story present in Psalm 22, which we have proved beyond reasonable doubt that it refers to the events of Karbala which took place on the tenth day of Muharram in the year 61 of Hijra?  Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him) who made the truth clear despite the hopes and efforts of the envious, hypocrites, and nonbelievers.  This is a great demonstration that the divine scriptures all confirm each other, refer to each other, and solve the mysteries of each other.  Praise be to Allah (Glory be to Him) the Lord of all Worlds!

 

          Dear Muslim believer, we are here in front of a great divine miracle that we must not ignore or neglect or pass over lightly.  For it is the guidance, light, mercy, and knowledge from Allah (Glory be to Him) for those who seek it!  After today, there is no excuse to anyone after the signs have appeared clearly.  If we had not been guided yet, then we must now be guided.  And if we have already been guided (by the grace of Allah) to the Muwalaat and love of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him and his purified progeny) and his purified Household and have found the Right Path, then we now increase in guidance and we should be more steadfast and certain in our faith.  After all, this is a very important matter and our hearts should not deviate due to any doubt in our faith or belief that may be due to media propaganda and attacks from the hypocrites and nonbelievers, and the Takfeeris (those who accuse other Muslims of apostasy), the enemies of the truth who are also the enemies of Imam Husain (Peace be upon Him).  They are the supporters of his enemies and his killers, those who shed his blood, and those whom God disgraced and cursed in every divine Book.  We have in Psalm 22 that is present in the Zaboor (Psalms of David) the best proof of that.  Allah (Glory be to Him) have placed them below the most scorned animal due to their injustice, ingratitude, denial, stubbornness, disbelief, envy, and evil hearts.

 

          Oh Momineen brothers and sisters, abide by the truth and keep steadfast on it because it is truly and surely the truth and guidance to Allah (Glory be to Him).  It is the right path and the firm handhold that never breaks!  We recommend this to you and ask you to hold strong to it.  We urge you to always remember the prophecy of Psalm 22 from the Zaboor in the Old Testament.  It is for you only and not for anyone else!  It is a proof that supports the truthfulness of your belief and your way.  The Psalm “My God, my God”…read it, memorize it, understand it, be happy with it, and cry over it!  Use it to debate your opponents and defeat them.  After all, it is a great proof from another heavenly book that is not the Book of the Muslims.  Neither is it the book of the Shia!  Rather, it is the Book of God which He (Glory be to Him) revealed to His Prophet David (Peace be upon Him).  Allah (Glory be to Him) made it an essential part of Islam to believe in this Book, such that no Muslim can call themselves Muslim without believing in it.  For Allah (Glory be to Him) has said in Surat Al Baqara, verse 285:  The messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers; they all believe in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers; We make no difference between any of His messengers; and they say: We hear and obey, our Lord! Grant us Thy forgiveness, and to You is the end of all journeys.”

 

          As for you Oh Aba Abdullah, as for you Oh the beloved one of Allah, as for you Oh revenge of Allah, what can I say to you?  And with what do I apologize to you?  Oh my deficiency, and the deficiency and failure of all mankind to help and support you and our ignorance in realizing your great status and rank!  I stand paralyzed in front of your light, and my mind is weak in praising you.  My soul is taken away in front of your magnanimous position and the essence of your existence.  Whenever I try to move my pen to write about you, it refuses and instead wants to prostrate on the lines of the paper, out of salutation, love, and admiration to you.  It does not find any other means to express its love and humility between your hands.  Words cannot ever express what is in my heart, mind, and soul towards you and towards your greatness, sacrifice, patience, struggle in the way of God, and your love to your Lord.  Glad tidings to those who take you as an Imam (leader) and role model!  Glad tidings to those who love you, befriend you, and take an example in you!  I am very honored and proud to be associated with you and I feel that I have won the pleasure of God and the happiness of both worlds, because your love is in my heart!  Your light fills myself and enlightens my spirit and life and my whole existence.  What a great feeling of joy and happiness for those who taste it and experience it! 

 

          As for you Oh Husain, what a beautiful name it is!  What do I say after your God has raised your remembrance and honored you in His divine Books?  Yet, we do not know anything about it.  What can I say after your God has praised you and eulogized your prayer and worship, your manners and your humility, your submission and complaint to Him, your patience in your wounds and on those who betrayed you, your patience on what happened to you and your beloved ones and family members after you.  Allah (Glory be to Him) has praised you in all your conditions and His praise and mention to you is Salah (prayer)!  For Allah (Glory be to Him) prays on you in all your conditions.  His Prayer upon you is mercy, love, and forgiveness to anyone who loves you, greets you, and prays on you. 

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you proceeded with your family to the land of death, while you knew very well what will happen to you…as you were patient on the betrayal and belittlement of the nation to you!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you were surrounded and encircled by your enemies and those who betrayed and turned against you, after they called upon you promising to support you!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you were composing yourself as you invite them to the truth, religion, and peace…while they were inviting you to falsehood, fighting, and death!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you were in the middle of the battlefield while your supporters, sons, and family members fought thirsty between your hands to sacrifice themselves and protect you, while you are patient in dealing with their loss, as they were your loved ones and devotees!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you were fighting alone while you were thirsty, without any helper or supporter…in front of an envious and evil army, and a group of the most evil dogs of this world.  Yet, you stood up against them as the bravest warrior fighting for the sake of Allah (Glory be to Him)!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you got stabbed in the heart by their arrow and you fell down from your horse.  It was as if the whole world, religion, righteousness, justice, messengers, divine Books, virtue, and everything that has value fell down along with you!!!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you lay down on the dust of death as you moan out of pain complaining from your wounds. But you are patient over it, while the evil folks attack you with their swords, arrows, and spears!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when your blessed head was severed and your purified blood was flowing!  Yet you exercised patience and steadfastness. 

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you attained martyrdom and your soul returned to your Lord very pleased!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when your head was raised on the spear as it continued to recite prayer, glorification, and verses from the Holy Quran!

 

Peace and prayers of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you when you did not care what happened to you for the sake of Allah (Glory be to Him), and you never lost your constant love and continuous worship to Him.  You had complete and absolute confidence in Him. It is as if your love and experiential knowledge of your Lord are like firm mountains that cannot be moved.  It is no wonder then that your God loved you, raised you high in status, and made you a sign, example, and role model to all of mankind!  He (Glory be to Him) made you blessed wherever you are and gave you the privilege of intercession in this life and the Hereafter.  He instilled your love in the hearts of the chosen believers.  He (Glory be to Him) made your grave a place of worship and blessed shrine.  It became a Mecca to every believer who knows his Lord and Allah (Glory be to Him) has made your remembrance a cornerstone! 

 

Peace be upon you Oh Husain, Oh he whom they committed injustice against, Oh he who struggled in the way of Allah (Glory be to Him), Oh patient, Oh believer, Oh thirsty one, Oh hero, Oh fighter, Oh wounded one, Oh martyr, Oh looted one, Oh he whom they crushed his bones and ribs, Oh he whom they raised his head over the spear!  Oh he who recites prayer, supplication, and Quran even after his death and martyrdom!  Oh eternal one in the hearts of the believers, Oh he whom your heat of passion never cools down, Oh he whom his shrine is Paradise, Oh hope of the believers, Oh target of your lovers and your Shia (followers)!

 

Peace be upon you, Oh Ruhullah, Oh Beloved one to Allah, Oh revenge of Allah, Oh proof of Allah.

 

Peace be upon you and on the souls that sacrificed themselves for your sake.  Peace be upon you on your blessed soul and purified body that purified the heavens and earths.  Peace be upon you Oh my Master and guardian in this life and the Hereafter.  Peace be upon you the day I visit you and attain your intercession in this life and the Hereafter.  Peace and blessings be upon you Oh leader of my life and spirit.  Peace and blessings be upon you the day you were born, the day you die, and the day you will be resurrected!

 

Peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah (Glory be to Him) be upon you, and Peace be upon you oh brothers and sisters in faith, in every place and time. Peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad and his purified progeny.  Peace be upon God’s messengers and praise be to Allah, the Lord of all Worlds!

 

 

Last Supplication Uttered By Imam Husain (AS) When His Enemies Besieged Him in Large Numbers on the Day of Ashura

 

O Allah:  You are verily the Elevated in position, the Magnificent in omnipotence, the Mighty in prowess, the Self-Sufficient from the creatures, the Ample in pride, the Powerful over all that which You want, the Close in mercy, the Truthful in promise, the Opulent in favors, the Sympathetic in ordeals.  You are Close when You are prayed, the All-encompassing of all that which You have created, the Accepter of the repentance of him who repents to You, Powerful in doing  whatever You want, the Taker in all that which You decide, the Thankful to those who thank You, and You Remember those who mention You.  I pray to You for I need You; and I desire for You for I am in want of You; and I resort to You for I am terrified; and I weep before You for I am distressed; and I seek Your aid for I am weak; and I depend upon You for I trust in none save You; Please decide between our people and us with the truth, for they have deceived us, cheated us, disappointed us, betrayed us, and killed us. We are verily the progeny of Your Prophet, and the sons of Your beloved one, namely Muhammad ibn Abdullah, whom You have chosen for the Divine Mission and for keeping Your Revelation.  So, prepare a way out and a relief for us, out of Your mercy; O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy.